Analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Species Complex in Java, Indonesia Based on Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase I Sequences

R. Srinivasan, Yun-che Hsu1, P. Kadirvel, Mei-ying Lin


The study identified the putative species of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) occurring on crops and weed plants in the pepper production systems of Java, Indonesia in order to manage whitefly-transmitted geminivirus diseases on hot pepper. Thirty-two populations of whitefly from different host plants were collected from areas in Indonesia (Bogor, Brebes, Cianjur, Kediri, Magelang and Rembang), and were identified using cytochrome C oxidase I (COI) sequences. COI sequences unambiguously distinguished B. tabaci genetic groups. Eighty-three out of 85 insects grouped with the Asia I genetic group, whereas only two insects from a weed (Trianthema sp.) grouped with the Asia II group. Evolutionary genetic distances measured by Kimura’s 2 parameter (K2P) model within the Asia I group ranged from 0 to 1.2% and the genetic distance within the Asia II group was 9.6%. The study clearly revealed that the B. tabaci genetic group in the pepper production systems of Java, Indonesia was highly homogeneous and belonged mostly to the Asia I group.

Key Words: Bemisia tabaci, cytochrome C oxidase I, genetic group, Indonesia, pepper

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